China is the most populous country in the world with 1.4 billion people as at December 2017. This figure is equivalent to 18.54% of the total global population. Over the years, the country has transformed itself into a leading global economy. Currently, it is the second largest economy in the world. Over the years, the Chinese government has relocated sections of its population as part of the poverty-reduction programme.
In 2001, the government embarked on a nationwide programme of moving populations from environmentally-fragile areas. The aim of the relocation was to accelerate the process of poverty-eradication in poor regions. Similarly in 1984, the Chinese government launched an extensive displacement programmes in the north of the country as part of the measures to restore the ecosystem and eradicate poverty. Additionally, the government regarded parts of the northern mountainous province as crucial in terms of the country’s ecological and environmental wellbeing. The World Bank supported the Chinese central government in the 1984 relocations as part of its global environmental conservation drive. Over the last three decades, authorities in the Ningxia region of southern China have displaced about 700,000 peasants from drought-prone areas. The peasants, who had lived in the Ningxia province since historical times, faced imminent starvation as a result of recurrent draughts and scarcity of water. Although the government aimed to increase the wellbeing of the people through dislocations, research studies indicate that displacement policies can harm families. For example, families who moved from Ningxia to Yinchuan encountered challenges in accessing education, healthcare, and housing. Scholars have argues that most of the displacement policies in China are part of the government’s modernization policy. As a result, the government does not provide the targeted populations with any other options